List of participial adjectives / Adjectives with –ED and –ING endings

A participial adjective is a type of adjective that is derived from a verb. On this page, we will be looking at two types of participial adjectives; those with –ED endings (from past participle verbs) and those with –ING endings (from present participle verbs). These types of adjectives are sometimes referred to as ‘psychological’ adjectives because they are related to emotions.

In essence, adjectives with –ED endings describe how people feel, while those with –ING endings describe situations and experiences; things that cause the feelings. Please read the post “Adjectives with -ED and -ING endings – General rules” for a more detailed explanation of how to use such adjectives.

The purpose of this particular post is to provide you with a list of participial adjectives that you can include in your conversations. In that way, helping you develop your lexis of words describing emotions and experiences.

Note: Not all verb participles can be used as adjectives. There are acceptations. For example, I can say that I was scared after watching a horror movie, but I cannot say that the movie was scaring. This would be incorrect. Instead, I need to say that the movie was scary.


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