The following lists and examples are extracted from englishpage.com. I hope that they will clarify article usage even further, when it comes to proper nouns.
Use ‘the’ with the names of:
- collections of lakes (such as the Great Lakes)
- mountain chains
- references on the globe (such as the Equator, the North Pole)
- geographic regions (such as the Northwest, the Middle East)
- bridges (except Tower Bridge)
- the Sun, the Moon
- extraordinary works of art or architecture (such as the Mona Lisa, the Colosseum, the Great Wall of China, and the Taj Mahal)
- James visited the Hermitage, a famous museum in St. Petersburg.
- I would love to visit the North Pole.
- Nina walked over the Rialto Bridge.
Do not use an article with:
- individual lakes
- individual islands
- individual mountains (except the Matterhorn)
- canyons (except the Grand Canyon)
- people’s first names
- streets (except the High Street)
- public squares
- Have you ever visited Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris?
- Kenta is Buddhist.
- We went camping in King’s Canyon.
HOWEVER: There are additional exceptions to some of the above categories. For example, THE is often used in the pattern “the … of …”.
- The University of Colorado
- The Temple of Ranakpur
- The Cathedral of Siena